Although I am primarily a saxophonist, flute is a secondary instrument that most saxophonists also have to know how to play. As a performer it is an absolute necessity that I be able to double on the flute and be just as proficient.
My goal as a teacher is to provide an in depth understanding of the instrument to my students. Whether we are learning technique specific to the instrument or general musical concepts, it is important to me that I take the time to insure that my students not only learn how to do something, but also the reasons why we are learning a specific concept or technique. At the end of the day, my ultimate goal is to teach you how to teach yourself, so that you may enjoy playing the instrument outside of our lessons together.
I prefer not to conform to a specific teaching style, because every student is different, and I have been fortunate to have a great variety of types of students throughout my years as a teacher. Some of my students are children and
In addition to the following paragraphs about me, you might also enjoy the video that I've prepared below entitled "your first lesson" (note: videos may only be available by accessing the Takelessons website on a web browser and may not show up if you are using the Takelessons app on a phone or a tablet). You can get a pretty good idea about what kind of teacher I am by watching that video. So, feel free to bypass this written section and go straight to the video. Just scroll down my profile to the "photos and videos" section. It's the first video listed. Then come back up here when you are finished with the video and keep reading to learn even more.
Thanks for choosing me as you private music instructor. I’ve enjoyed teaching music since 2001 and being a Takelessons teacher since 2008. I specialize in teaching beginn
er to advanced saxophone, beginner to intermediate clarinet, beginner flute, and beginner to advanced jazz improvisation. I welcome all ages and believe that it is never too late to pick up an instrument, even if you’ve had no prior experience in music. Specifically when it comes to beginners, I am able to provide virtually everything that you need to get started, including access to brand new and lightly used student model instruments that I have for sale at very reasonable prices.
I have been teaching and playing music professionally for almost 20 years and began studying music and playing the saxophone at age 11. I currently live and work in New York City after moving here from Philadelphia in early 2001, after graduating from the University of the Arts in Philadelphia in 1999 with a Bachelors in Music Performance.
Throughout my musical career I have worked in a variety of capacities in addition to being a performer, including working as a composer and recording studio engineer. My main area of expertise is performing as a jazz saxophonist on alto, tenor, and soprano saxophones, and I regularly play throughout New York City in restaurants, jazz clubs, bars and other music venues.
As a private music teacher, I place an emphasis on giving the student an in depth understanding of his or her instrument, and I place the utmost importance on explaining advanced concepts in the simplest of terms in order to insure that the student fully comprehends the objectives of each lesson. Such concepts that I cover regularly are sight-reading, ear-training, technique, and creativity.
As a regularly performing musician in New York City, I can be seen every Sunday night at Ba'sik (a very popular bar in Williamsburg Brooklyn) where I lead an open jazz jam session. A few of my adult students have even been able to reach a level in jazz improvisation that they've been able to come out and sit in with the band.
YOUNGER STUDENTS: I’ve found that in most cases, it is very difficult for students younger than 8 or 9 years old to learn instruments like the clarinet, saxophone and flute. Occasionally, an exception can be made if a younger student is taller than average for his or her age, but most of the time the size of a student’s hands, as well as his or her amount of a physical strength, are not adequate enough until around the ages of 8 or 9. A worthwhile alternative, if a student is absolutely enthusiastic about learning a woodwind instrument, is to begin them on an instrument called the recorder. The recorder is a real instrument, but it is a more primitive, smaller, and simpler of an instrument than the saxophone, clarinet, or the flute; however, it is a great way for young students to begin learning the basics of playing a woodwind instrument and also learning important musical concepts such as reading music notation, pitch, and rhythm. I have also been introduced to a new line of instruments that are developed for younger students by a company called Nuvo. These instruments are smaller and simpler analogs to the saxophone, flute, and clarinet, and they can function as the next step in a younger student’s progression between the recorder and an actual saxophone, flute, or clarinet. The specific instruments that I deal with are called the jSax and the DooD by Nuvo Instrumental. I was asked to demo these instruments and you can check them out if you scroll down to the video section of my profile and look for the videos entitled “jSax and DooD review and demo. Nuvo Instrumental” or “jSax and Dood demo. Nuvo Instrumental”.
In addition to teaching woodwind instruments and jazz improvisation, I also have experience teaching Sibelius music writing software, and audio engineering and editing with Pro-tools LE and Logic Pro X.
PLEASE NOTE: Because the NYC area is very different geographically from other parts of the country, especially in terms of transportation, I may appear outside of your area in terms of where I am available to travel. If you are very interested in taking lessons with me, but you are outside of my travel zone, please feel free to follow up with a Takelessons counselor and have them contact me personally to see if we might make an exception. I am available to travel to virtually all areas of Queens, Brooklyn, and Manhattan as well as Jersey City and Hoboken, depending on if the day and time selected allows me acceptable travel time between other scheduled lessons. If my location in Astoria Queens is not convenient for you, and you are unable to have lessons in your home, then there is also an option where I can most likely find a very affordable teaching studio in an area that is more convenient for you that we may rent by the hour and split the cost for your lesson.
*** Lesson Details *** Any student, regardless of age or experience level, learns best when engaged in an activity that he or she understands and enjoys. Part of my success as a teacher can be attributed to my willingness to take into account every student's particular musical interests and strengths, and attempt to teach directly to those areas. For instance, in the initial stages of developing a student and teacher relationship, I like to request that the student compile a "wish list" of approximately ten pieces of music that he or she would like to be able to play. This list may include pieces in such genres as classical, jazz, and popular music, just to name a few. It is through this list that the student can begin almost immediately learning exactly what he or she likes, and by default, I can then teach the student all of the technical components needed to perform on his or her instrument, as well as determine the specific areas where the student needs to receive more focused instruction. More importantly, this "thinking outside of the box," customized approach provides a fun atmosphere and enables the student to enjoy learning the art of playing music by not being solely dependent on instructional booklets which many students, regardless of age and experience, find boring and tedious.
*** Studio Equipment *** Additional saxophones for students who do not currently have a saxophone to use during a lesson. Recording equipment, including software and microphones. Mac book pro with music writing and recording software. Full 88 key keyboard.
*** Travel Equipment *** Additional saxophones. Macbook pro with recording and music writing software
*** Specialties *** music, music theory, home recording, saxophone, clarinet, flute, all styles
From beginners to the semi-professional, I can teach you everything you need to know about how to be a successful flute player. From tone quality, intonation, rhythm, sight-reading skills, and expanding your repertoire, I will help you learn to play the flute and achieve your goals!
Hello, my name is Brenda! It is nice to meet you.
I have been teaching private lessons for over a decade, and hold two music degrees and two teaching certifications in music (NJ) and ESL (international). I obtained my B.M. in Music Education from William Paterson University where I was a voice major and flute/piano double minor, and obtained my Masters of Music in Performance with the Opera Institute at Mason Gross School of the Arts at Rutgers University.
Although I do work with students of all ages, I specialize in working with younger children and retired adults!
I primarily teach voice, flute, piano, music theory and history and have over 10 years of experience teaching in both individual and group settings. I also work on audition and performance preparation, do speech/accent work and more. I am constantly studying different
teaching methods so I can develop a custom program that best fits your learning styles and incorporates what you already know, with what you will need to learn in order to achieve your goals.
*** Lesson Details *** Whether you want to play flute, sing, act, or learn to play piano, I am here to help you become the best musician you can be. Classically trained, I also work with the styles of musical theatre, pop, rock, and jazz. I can teach you the proper techniques, posture, and breathing necessary to perform to the best of your ability and teach you how to utilize your full lung capacity to extend phrasing length and dynamic range. I will also help you learn to read and write music. Together, we will keep a log to track your progress lesson to lesson. This will also help you keep a record of the steps you are taking to obtain and achieve your goals and dreams.
*** Specialties *** Young and beginner students. Senior & Retired students Students with special needs. Performance techniques. Audition preparation Speech techniques (public speaking/voice-overs, etc.) Bel Canto technique. Performance anxiety Life coaching!
"I would teach children music, physics, and philosophy; but most importantly music, for in the patterns of music and all the arts are the keys of learning" ~Plato
**if you need a particular time slot or one not listed on my availability I will do my best to accommodate your needs**
**All lessons will be scheduled in advance with confirmation of both the student and instructor. If cancellation is necessary, a written notice 48 hour cancellation policy is in effect or you forfeit the lesson credit. For lessons scheduled outside of the areas provided, a surcharge for travel will be added.**
***BB Studio now has a base location! Studio lessons are now also available for students 18+ in addition to in-home and on-line lessons***
In my studio, I believe that my role is to steer students toward a deeper understanding of themselves, their instrument, and their relationship to music. I tailor my teaching to the needs of my individual students, who currently range from age 7 to adult, often adding improvisation and extended techniques to increase my students awareness of the potential of the flute as a channel for ones creativity.
Flutist, Roberta M., is equally at home playing classical and new music. I Care If You Listen has extolled her “lush, full tones… even among the best professionals, not many flute players sound so compelling in a lower register.” Praising her “extreme adventurousness,” New York Concert Review said she “riveted with her performance, inspiring one to want a repeated hearing.” Roberta is a founding member of the Cadillac Moon Ensemble, a quartet of unusual instrumentation dedicated to commissioning and performing new works. To date, the group has commissioned over fifty pieces.
Roberta holds a Bachelor of Music with highest honors from the University of Colorado at Boulder, a Master of Music from SUNY-Purchase College, and Doctor of Musical Arts from the City University of New York Graduate Center. Her teachers include Robert Dick, Tara H
elen O’Connor, Alexa Still, and Jean Rosenblum. Roberta resides in Brooklyn, New York where she teaches privately and is on faculty at Great Neck Music Conservatory.
Roberta has performed with groups including Duo RoMi (with pianist Mirna Lekic), the Portland String Quartet, SEM Ensemble, Wet Ink Ensemble, Argento Chamber Ensemble, Wordless Music Orchestra, Ensemble Moto Perpetuo, Lunatics at Large, Kagel Nacht, Philharmonic Orchestra of the Americas, Cheyenne Symphony, and the Greeley Philharmonic in venues including Lincoln Center, Carnegie Hall, Alice Tulley Hall, Merkin Hall, The Kennedy Center, Bargemusic (with tenor Robert White), and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. As a guest artist, she has appeared at Bloomsburg University and the University of Southern Maine. She has recorded on New Dynamic Records, Meta, Bridge, and Innova Records.
Roberta has been a Bang on a Can Summer Institute fellow and a participant in the Institute and Festival of Contemporary Performance at Mannes College, as well as participating in festivals at Banff and Domaine Forget. Roberta recently won the Artists International Special Presentation Award and was presented in her debut recital at Carnegie Hall’s Weill Recital Hall. Other awards include: Purchase College’s Baroque Concerto Competition, Bay Chamber Summer Music Woodwind Prize, Dante Alighieri Society of Denver Music Scholarship, and the Emily K. Rand Award.
*** Lesson Details *** In my studio, I believe that my role is to steer students toward a deeper understanding of themselves, their instrument, and their relationship to music. I tailor my teaching to the needs of my individual students, who currently range from age 4 to adult, often adding improvisation and extended techniques to increase my students’ awareness of the potential of the flute as a channel for one’s creativity.
With over a decade of teaching and a doctorate in flute performance, I have extensive experience teaching flute lessons and recorder lessons to students from beginners to advanced. I teach at my studio in Brooklyn or can come to your home in New York City. I have previously taught in Colorado, Westchester, NY, and throughout New York City. I've been on faculty at The Harmony Program and the Denver Public School’s Saturday Music Program, where I taught beginning flute classes to public school children. I have given masterclasses at the University of Southern Maine and the Pittsburgh Creative and Performing Arts High School, and have taught music classes at Purchase College and Hostos Community College.
*** Studio Equipment *** I have a studio with music stands, flutes, recorders, an upright piano, and place for parents to wait. Street parking is available, and I'm less than a block from the subway.
Students are expected to bring their instrument, music, and a notebook.
*** Travel Equipment *** I bring my flute. Students need to have a music stand, music, a notebook, and a working instrument.
*** Specialties *** I am well-versed in all areas of classical music, especially new music. My primary instrument is flute, but I also enjoy teaching beginner piano, recorder, and music theory.
Roberta was patient and was obviously an experienced teacher. I teach and I understand what it takes to put a lesson together so that the student gets the most out of it, while pushing the student to do better, but not too much to discourage them from moving forward. She hits that sweet spot! I would recommend her to anyone who was serious about learning.
January 17, 2019
she has got a very lovely and cheerful personality.It made me really want to practice more piano even though i haven't played it for months.
Classical approach to produce leaders in the orchestras and bands. I've been teaching flute for 20 years and my students have gone on to the State level Band Auditions and won multiple times. Within the first few lessons, you'll be able to make a decent sound, play scales, arpeggios and simple tunes, and as time goes on you'll be able to play popular tunes solo and with accompaniment of piano or band. I specialize in classical, jazz and klezmer style, typically use best published books, and have the renovated, quiet and spacious studio, music stands, audio equipment. I love working with students of all ages and experience levels and I can't wait to meet you!
Music studio offering clarinet, saxophone, flute, trumpet and recorder lessons taught by the Principal Clarinetist of the Livingston Symphony Orchestra.
Recent Student Auditions, Awards & Achievements:
Chris M., 8th grade (clarinet and saxophone) - Winner of the 1st chair in N. NJ Regional Concert Band 2019 - Successful audition to N. NJ Regional Symphonic Band 2018 - Successful audition for Honors Band - Promoted to 1st chair in his school band (2016) - Selected from over 500 students to participate in the North Jersey Region 1 Honors Elementary Band Festival (May 2016).
Morwen, 7th grade (clarinet) Successful audition to N. NJ Regional Concert Band 2019 Ashley, 6th grade (flute) - 1st chair in Concertino Winds Band in NJ Youth Symphony
Aidan, 9th grade (clarinet) - Successful audition to Centra
l NJ Regional Symphonic Band: 1st chair in 2016-2017, 10th chair in 2014-2015; and Advanced Wind Ensemble (2014-2015). - Successful audition to NJ Symphony Orchestra Summer Band Camp.
Kevin, 8th grade (clarinet) - Successful audition to Philharmonia Orchestra of NJYS (New Jersey Youth Symphony) orchestra
Chris F., 6th grade (trumpet) - Successful audition for the first seat in school band trumpet section
Isis, HS senior (clarinet) - Successful auditions for: * 1st chair in HS Band in 2013-2014, 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 * HS Central NJ Regional Symphonic Band (2013-2014, 2014-2015 & 2015-2016), HS NJ All-State Symphonic Band (2014-2015 & 2015-2016) and NJ Youth Symphony Orchestra (2013-2014 & 2014-2015).
Stella, HS junior (clarinet) - Successful audition for 1st chair in HS Band (2015-2016).
Jennifer, 7th grade (clarinet) - Successful audition to NJ Youth Symphony Orchestra (2014-2015), Middle School North NJ Regional Symphonic Band (2014-2015 & 2015-2016), and Interlochen Arts Camp in Michigan (Summer of 2014 & 2015).
Morven, 4th grade (clarinet) - Promoted to 1st chair in 5th grade Advanced Band (2016)
Chris Y., 4th grade (saxophone) - Promoted to 1st chair in 5th grade Advanced Band (2016)
Jacob J., 4th grade (clarinet) - Promoted to 1st chair in 6th grade Advanced Band (2017)
Established in 1996.
For the past twenty years, Dimitry has been teaching students of all ages to play the clarinet, saxophone, flute, trumpet, and recorder.
Students will learn proper techniques, posture, breathing, phrasing, articulation, tone, rhythm, sight reading, solfeggio, music theory, and music history. They will also learn to play solos (with and without accompaniment), as well as duets (along with the instructor).
Private lessons are customized to meet each student's goals, such as preparation for regional and state band auditions, concerts, and other music competitions.
Meet the Business Owner
Business Owner Dimitry Chernavsky is the Principal Clarinetist of the Livingston Symphony Orchestra, the Co-Principal of the Hanover Wind Symphony, and a member of the 'A La Mode' clarinet quartet.
Dimitry is a graduate of Kiev Tchaikovsky Conservatory, where he received a Bachelor's and Master's Degree in Music Performance and Education.
Our 12-year old son has been learning clarinet from Mr. Dimitry for about a year now and we highly recommend him to prospective students for his deep music knowledge, rich clarinet performance experience and above all, just being a great clarinet teacher.
In a year's time with Mr. Dimitry, our son's progress has been very impressive. After our son started lessons with Mr. Dimitry, it quickly became apparent that Mr. Dimitry is a very experienced teacher for young musicians. He engages our son effectively to keep him interested in music and clarinet while at the same time sets high expectations for him. Our son always looks forward to clarinet lessons and also is motivated to practice pieces at home.
Mr. Dimitry not only teaches sound clarinet skills, but also emphasizes the importance of playing music the right way, that is to tell stories and express feelings through music rather than to play music like a technician. Although it is difficult for a young musician to fully appreciate this concept, it does go a long way in preparing him to become a really good musician in the long run.
Mr. Dimitry is very polite, pleasant and professional. We recommend him without any reservation.
June 8, 2015
My 7 year old son has been taking recorder lessons from Dimitry for almost 1 year now. Dimitry is very patient, encouraging, and enganging - considering that my son is on the younger side. Dimitry provides music instruction that is appropriate age and level wise, so my son feels accomplished and challenged at the same time.
We plan to continue with Dimitry and hopefully advance to the clarinet once his fingers can cover the clarinet holes and he has learned more music theory. My son looks forward to his music lessons. We are very pleased with his musical instruction.
June 16, 2014
Incredibly amiable, professional, and talented as a teacher.
As a senior in high school now graduating and transferring into college, I started my lessons with Dimitry in December last year and had to end this summer at the end of the music school's program. Even though my time learning the saxophone was short, Dimitry used my past musical experience to help guide me through the instrument. His lessons did not feel long in any sense of the word, and in fact some two-hour lessons I took to make up missed weeks blew by, as I was constantly engaged by his teachings. During my studies with him I found myself in the presence of a true musician, and this was only further driven home when I saw him play in the Hanover Wind Symphony at the Morristown Community Theater with Stanley Drucker. I would highly recommend Dimitry as an instructor for a student at any level.
I have taught students from the age of four to sixty in all levels of flute, piccolo, alto and tenor saxophone as well as beginner clarinet. For the younger students I have also used to recorder to teach notes and to build confidence. My goal is to make the learning fun as that turns practicing into fun time not work.
As a faculty member of the prestigious Manhattan School of Music Precollege, Max has been teaching students of all ages and skill-levels for over 15 years. With his sheer passion for music and extensive teaching experience he is able to inspire his students to achieve their goals, in a fun and supportive environment.
Max is a firm believer that a positive learning experience is achieved by creating an environment in which the strengths and differences of each student are celebrated and encouraged. All lessons are tailored to the individual student, according to their goals, musical tastes, and skill-level.
Instruments and skills taught: saxophone, flute, clarinet, jazz piano, music theory, composition, song writing, ear-training, electronic music production with Ableton Live.
Musical Styles: Drawing from his wide experience as a performer in various genres, Max is able to teach a broad range of styles, from jazz, classical, to pop, electronic, and World Music.
Hi, my name is Max. I have been teaching for over 15 years, teaching a range of instruments from saxophone, clarinet, and flute, to jazz piano. I also teach music theory, ear training, song-writing, and electronic music production. I teach students of all ages and skill-levels and hold a Masters degree in jazz saxophone performance from Manhattan School of Music, where I am currently on faculty to teach Music Theory and Eartraining at the Precollege Division. I also direct the jazz band at Gill St. Bernard’s School in New Jersey.
I love helping students achieve their goals, and I think learning music should be something fun and enjoyable. I also believe every student learns in a different way and at a different pace. With this in mind, I tailor my lessons towards each individual student and help them set achievable goals, making sure
they are having fun in the process.
Besides playing and teaching the saxophone, I also teach the clarinet, and flute, as well as music theory and electronic music production with Ableton Live. From my wide experience as a performing musician I can teach in a variety of genres, including jazz, classical, pop, and World Music.
I have been fortunate to have taught students all over the world, including Singapore, Africa, and the UK, many times performing along the way. I have led my own band for many years, with performances around the world, and with which I have recorded numerous albums, which can be found on Spotify and iTunes.
When I am not playing or teaching music I love to hang out with friends, be outdoors, and travel to places I have never been before.
I look forward to meeting you and helping you realize your goals in music.
Great instructor, he’s very knowledgeable and also patient when teaching. Highly recommend.
September 14, 2018
My first lesson was extremely productive. I am an adult student and hadn't played in many years and Max focused on techniques to help me with my weaknesses, and to quickly surpass the level of playing I was previously at. He is patient, encouraging and an excellent teacher.
August 27, 2018
Max is a fantastic teacher! As a parent I would recommend him to anyone who is looking for a very experienced, kind, and fun teacher. Max is all of these things plus more. What I really like about him, besides that he is very knowledgable and amazingly talented, is that he always has a positive attitude! Lila loves to go to her lessons and she learned so much during her time with Max.
Just starting out on the flute, wanting to pick it up again, or trying to hone your skills? I'm so eager to help you reach your goals and to share my love of music with you!
I currently study at The Juilliard School, and I love teaching and getting to know other flutists! I have performed around the world--from Carnegie Hall to concert halls in Europe and Asia--and have met so many fantastic musicians.
All ages are welcome, and lessons are catered to the student's individual needs and goals.
Please don't hesitate to message me if you have any questions!
Flutist Mei currently studies at The Juilliard School in New York City under the instruction of Mr. Robert Langevin, principal flutist of the New York Philharmonic. Mei attended the Interlochen Arts Academy in Interlochen, Michigan, for three years, playing flute, piccolo, and alto flute in a variety of ensembles, including the Syzygy Wind Quintet and a collaboration with Grammy-Award-winning ensemble eighth blackbird.
In the summer of 2015, she was invited to perform and tour with the National Youth Orchestra of the United States under the baton of Maestro Charles Dutoit. She returned again in the summer of 2016 to perform with Maestros Christoph Eschenbach and Valery Gergiev. Mei made her solo debut with the Interlochen orchestra as a winner of the 2015 Interlochen Arts Academy concerto competition. She has also performed as a soloi
st with “The President’s Own” United States Marine Band as the winner and scholarship recipient of their 2016 concerto competition. As the grand prize winner of the 2018 Pearl & Julius Young Concerto Competition, she will perform as soloist with the Baroque Orchestra of New Jersey in 2019.
Mei has been featured on NPR’s From the Top with host Christopher O’Reilly, and she is also a 2016 Jack Kent Cooke Young Artist Scholarship recipient as well as a 2016 and 2017 National YoungArts Foundation winner. Currently, she is principal flutist of the New York Youth Symphony and performs in the Juilliard orchestra and various chamber groups, including AXIOM, Juilliard’s new music ensemble. Outside of music, Mei enjoys reading, baking, and running marathons.
"Super knowledgeable and professional AND interesting AND nice :-) I couldn't have found a more perfect flute teacher than Diane!"
"Anna-Lisa is great! She works hard to keep my 11 year old son on task with just enough positive reinforcement and redirection. He really likes her and e
njoys the one-on-one attention he gets."
"My son enjoys her class very much . She is very patient and caring."
"Michelle has proven herself to be knowledgeable and helpful in facilitating my return to flute playing after a hiatus of a few years. As an individual ha
ving already completed a bachelors and masters degree in flute performance I was looking for someone nearby with the skill, education, and performance experience to help whip me back into shape. Michelle has been able to help me identify and strategize realistic performance goals that take into consideration both my extensive background and my need to re-enter music performance in a low-key way that balances my desire to use music as a creative outlet with having limited time as a parent and professional in a field outside of music. Michelle has given constructive feedback and guidance in using standard flute literature, etudes, and other technical exercises to facilitate me in regaining proper technique and tone production. It has also been a joy to play duets with Michelle and have the chance to practice intonation, musicality, and playing with a high quality musician, as music is meant to be played and shared with others. Having the opportunity to build musicianship in this way with an individual of her caliber has proven beneficial."
"First lesson went very well, daughter understood everything she explained .. looking forward to continue with her.."
"My daughter Yasmín first lesson went Great!! Amanda took her time and patience to teach my daughter on what to practice for her first lesson. I couldn’t
be more happier than to see my daughter excitement about learning the flute. She can’t what till next week lesson. Thank you Amanda."
"Good lesson, will be better if the teacher have more free time to teacher more classes in a week"
"She is so kind, patient and encouraging and makes me play with my best sound and musicality."
"Great class very responsive and friendly and encouraging"
Want to learn to play the flute or improve your existing skills? Check out these helpful tips from New York flute teacher Nadia B...
As you learn to play the flute, you may encounter some challenges as you grow, learn, and improve. Read on to discover the most common issues I see my flute students facing, and tips to overcome them so you can play at your best.
“I don’t have enough air to play that passage!”
While you may feel that you don’t have enough air, you usually have e …