Learning Italian grammar and vocabulary doesn’t get you far unless you know how to properly pronounce words. Below, Italian teacher Liz T. shares the five basic rules of Italian pronunciation…
Italian is known for being one of the most beautiful languages. Learning how to properly speak Italian is all about mastering the correct sounds and pronunciation.
Let’s take a look at the five basic Italian pronunciation rules to help you better understand the language. Remember, working with your Italian teacher to perfect your pronunciation is key in reaching your goals. You also don’t want to make an embarrassing mistake mispronouncing a particular word or phrase.
Similar to the English language, Italian uses the vowels, a, e, i, o, u. However, there is a slight difference in the way vowels are pronounced in Italian. Below is the proper way to pronounce Italian vowels–and remember that most words in Italian actually end in a vowel!
- A- Ah (Amore) Ah-moh-reh
- E-Eh (Bene) Beh-neh
- I-eee (Vino) Vee-noh
- O- Oh (Modo) Moh-doh
- U-ooh (Lungo) Loohn-goh
Some Italian consonants–such as b,f,m,n,and v–are pronounced the same as they are in English. The majority, however, are pronounced much differently. Below are some tips for how to properly pronounce the other consonants.
- D- Put your tongue to your teeth, to make the sound more explosive (dove)
- L- Sharper and more forward (lingua)
- H- Usually silent (hanno)
- P- A little less forced than in English (Pane)
- Q- Always accompanied with U after (Quanto)
- R- Make sure you roll those R’s – flip your tongue against your upper teeth. (Arriverderci)
- T- Very pronounced (Antipasto)
- Z- Often can sound like T, but add more zest to it, especially when two Z’s are together (Grazie, Pizza)
There are some consonants in the Italian language that have two pronunciations, such as
- S and SS- If S is used singular, in the middle of a word, it can often sound like a Z. If a double S (SS), the S is very much emphasized. (Casa, passare)
- Z and ZZ- When used singular, it can be silent, as in Dizionario, but as in Pizza it can sound more like two T’s together.
- G- If G appears before the letters A, O, or U, it has a hard sound like Grande, but if it precedes E or I, like in Gelato, it has a soft, gentle sound.
- C- This also has two pronunciations, before A, O, U or other consonant, it sounds like a K, as in Cane, but if before I or E, it has a CH sound, as in Cena.
3. Consonant Digraphs
There are several consonant digraphs–or a combination of two letters that make one sound–present in Italian. Memorizing these combinations will allow you to better recognize the pronunciation of words. Below are some examples and how to properly pronounce them.
- CH- Spoken as K, (Che)
- GN- G is silent and N is hard (Gnocchi)
- GLI- G is silent, and L is the focus, almost sounds like a Y (Famiglia)
- SC-Before A, O, U sounds like SK (Scarpe), but if it’s before I or E, it has an SH sound as in Pesce.
4. Double Consonants
Many Italian words have double consonants. It’s wise to remember that all consonants can be doubled except for the letter H because it’s always silent. It’s common for English speakers to stumble over double consonants since there are very few in the English language.
Here’s a helpful hint: double consonants have a stronger or more forced pronunciation when doubled together. For example, the CC is pronounced as K in the word Secca.
Italian is a phonetic language, which means it’s written the way it sounds, and visa versa. This makes it fairly easy for English speakers to learn Italian pronunciation compared to other languages.
Nonetheless, take your time in learning the correct pronunciation. Try singing popular Italian songs such as “Volare” or “That’s Amore” to really get the feel of the pronunciation!
With these tips you’ll be speaking perfect Italian in no time. Make sure that you practice proper Italian pronunciation with a partner or your teacher. There are tons of fun exercises that you can do such as watching Italian television programs or listening to Italian radio.
If you’re more of an auditory learner, check out the video below and follow along as I review the rules listed above.
Photo by Steve Slater