All About French Verbs and Grammar

Knowing your verbs and verb forms is absolutely essential to becoming fluent in French!

We created these French language resources to help you learn common regular and irregular verbs and how to conjugate them in the past, present, and future. With these verbs and conjugations under your belt, you’ll be well on your way to achieving your French language goals.

Whether you want to brush up on your French for a trip or you need help passing a class, these guides from our experienced French tutors will put you on the road to success. Bonne chance!

Bonus: Instantly conjugate any French verb using this tool from Verbix!

Guide to French Verb Tenses

French verbs come in a variety of tenses and moods, which can seem a little complicated or even confusing to students of the language. For a quick refresher on the seven most common types of French verbs, check out this handy guide and infographic.

» French Grammar Rules: Your Guide to Verb Tenses

Conjugating Regular Verbs

These French verbs help you to describe what you are doing right now. Learn the three types of regular verbs and how to conjugate them.

» How to Conjugate Regular French Verbs in the Present Tense

Common Regular Verbs

Now that you know how to conjugate regular verbs, here are over one hundred regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs for you to study.

» List of 100+ Common Regular French Verbs

Conjugating Irregular Verbs

Some French verbs don’t follow the rules. Learn how to conjugate the most common irregular verbs in the present tense.

» How to Conjugate Common Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense

Common Irregular Verbs

Review common irregular French verbs and irregular verb patterns with this list of over one hundred common verbs.

» List of 100+ Common Irregular French Verbs

Irregular Verb Quiz

Now that you’ve studied the most common irregular French verbs and irregular verb patterns, test your knowledge with this interactive quiz.

» Quiz Yourself: Are You An Expert In Irregular French Verbs?

Past Tense for Regular Verbs

If you want to talk about past events in French, you’ll need to know your past tense conjugations. The simplest way to conjugate verbs in the past tense is using the passé composé. Learn how to conjugate the passé composé for regular verbs and start practicing.

» French Grammar Rules: Passé Composé for Regular Verbs

Past Tense With Être

Most French verbs use a form of the verb avoir for the passé composé conjugation, however a handful of tricky verbs require you to use être instead. Find out what those irregular verbs have in common.

» French Verbs of Motion: Conjugating the Past Tense with Être

Conjugating Reflexive Verbs

HEADER French Grammar Rules- Reflexive Verbs

In French, when you talk about actions you perform for yourself, such as brushing your teeth, you use a special kind of verb called reflexive verbs. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to conjugate French reflexive verbs in the present tense as well as the past.

» French Grammar Rules: Reflexive Verbs

Conjugating the Imperfect Tense

The imperfect, or imparfait, is another French verb tense that you will use to describe ongoing events in the past.

» French Grammar Rules: Conjugating Regular Verbs in the Imparfait

Imperfect vs Past Tense

Now that you know two different ways to conjugate verbs for speaking about the past, how do you know when to use which form? Study the difference between the passé composé and the imparfait, and practice with some examples.

» French Grammar Rules: Distinguishing Between Imparfait and Passé Composé

Using the Conditional

The conditional is most often used for if/then statements, but there are other instances where this tense is necessary. See examples and learn the rules of using le conditionnel.

» French Grammar Rules: Conjugating Verbs in the Conditional

Conjugating the Future Tense

Once you’ve mastered the present and past tenses, it’s time to take on the future. Learn how to talk about events that will happen by using le futur tense.

» French Grammar Rules: Conjugating Verbs in “Le Futur” Tense

The Subjunctive Mood

The subjunctive can be especially tricky for English speakers to master. Banish your confusion with this clear guide to le subjonctif.

» French Grammar Rules: What is the Subjunctive Mood?

Reading Le Passé Simple

If you plan to read any French literature, you will likely come across verbs conjugated in the passé simple. Get to know this literary tense so you can curl up with a good French book.

» French Grammar Rules: Reading Le Passé Simple

Conjugating the Past Perfect

The French version of the past perfect tense is called le passé antérieur. Use this tense to discuss past events that occurred before other things in the past:

» French Verbs and Grammar: Le Passé Antérieur

Conjugating the Future Perfect

In English, when we want to say something will have been done in the future, we speak in the future perfect tense. In French, this tense is known as le futur antérieur. Here’s your guide to conjugating verbs in le futur antérieur:

» Studying French Verbs: Le Futur Antérieur

Savoir vs Connaître

French has two verbs for “to know”, connaître and savoir. Learn when to use which verb.

» Learning French Verbs: When to Use Connaître and Savoir