## 5 Pro Tips for the ACT When You’ve Already Taken the SAT

Wondering about the difference between ACT and SAT? If both are part of your admission requirements for your schools of choice, you can make the most of your prep time by knowing a few simple pointers. Learn more in this guest post by Merrick, NY tutor Justin L...

### What’s the Difference Between the ACT and SAT?

Just about everything that was on the SAT will be on the ACT. You will still have a minute per question, but this time you are going to want to put an answer down for each one. Treat it as if it’s a normal test at school. Regarding the math that will be on the test, if you took the time to prepare for the SAT math, you are at a pretty good starting point. Every trick that you picked up to prepare for the SAT can be used on the ACT (just make sure you don’t leave any blanks.) However, there will be a few new topics that you are going to have to be ready to face. There are four trigonometry questions, two questions on logarithms, and two questions on matrices (more than one matrix). This is only eight new questions. If you really get stuck on one of these, try not to fret. There are 60 math questions on the ACT. There’s no reason to get stressed out over only two of them.

### In With the New

If you can handle SOHCAHTOA, graph and identify the traits of a sine wave on a graph, and work with basic trig proofs, you will be well-equipped for those four trigonometry questions. The logarithm questions are pretty much the same ones that you do in your normal math class. Go back to your notes from school to get an idea of what you will be in for. The matrix questions will be the only real curveballs. You might not have really learned that topic in school, but that’s okay. These questions tend to be straightforward. If you can perform those three operations, you will do fine — if you’re nervous, though, it may be worth your time to work with a tutor to help you review the material.

### Conversions Come First

The ACT geometry questions tend to involve figures with lengths given in different units of measurements. One object may be given in inches and the other may be given in feet. Best practice is to convert everything upfront. Make everything into inches and then work through the question. The math will be easier to digest and you will be more likely to come up with the correct answer.

### No Formulas

The SAT gave you a handy reference table right at the beginning of each math section. As great as that was, the ACT isn’t going to be so forgiving. That’s one big difference between ACT and SAT tests. At the beginning of your 60-minute, 60-question math section, you are NOT going to be provided with any of those helpful hints. So take the time to get to know your formulas. Take a sheet of paper, go back to one of your SAT books, and write down all of those formulas. Save the paper! Add anything else you may need to memorize to that paper. Take five minutes, twice a day, to review that piece of paper. Memorize it. Learn it. Love it. You will need to know those things for the test.

### Functions

My students always ask me if the ACT is easier or harder than the SAT. In all honesty, the answer really depends on the student, but I always feel that the ACT’s “easy” questions are a lot easier and the “hard” questions are a lot harder. These hard questions tend to involve functions and conic sections. These questions tend to be more straightforward, but require more advanced, algebraic calculations. Make sure you get some practice in on evaluating functions, function composition, parabolas, and word problems involving functions. A local math tutor (and myself, of course) can easily get you some practice and help as these topics are usually included (and should be included) in your algebra 2/trig class.

Justin L. teaches ACT math, PSAT, SAT, and test prep in Merrick, NY.  He received his Bachelor of Science in Math and Masters of Arts in Math Education at Adelphi University. Justin has more than six years of experience working with students privately, in classrooms, as well as store-front tutoring companies. Learn more about Justin here!

Photo by Jack Amick

## 5 Science Tips for Those Struggling on the ACT

One of the big differences between the ACT and the SAT is the science section presented in the former. Nervous? Don’t worry! Get ahead of the game with these ACT science practice tips from Merrick, NY tutor Justin L...

When I first started working with students who were preparing for the ACT, I was a little squeamish when tackling the science section. Not because of the content, but because the presentation of the material seemed almost foreign to me. As a math person, I was used to the quick hits of the math sections of the SAT and ACT. I had to learn how to approach the questions and lengthy readings so I wouldn’t be stuck reading the same passage over and over. Here are five ACT science practice tips I picked up that students should keep in mind.

### 1. Read The Passage First

I remember when I tackled my first ACT practice test, I thought I could be slick and read the questions first and just find the answer in the graph or passage. This is a great tip that I picked up from practicing the English/Verbal sections. On the English/Verbal sections it’s a great idea, but not so much on the science. I guarantee that you will end up reading the same thing multiple times and still end up with incorrect answers. It’s better to read everything first. Analyze your graphs and charts, and read the passage in its entirety. The questions will be quicker and easier if you have a solid understanding of what the passage is really about.

### 2. Get a Highlighter

This may sound trivial, but there is key information hidden right in front of your eyes. Have your highlighter handy to make a visual cue for you to go back to when you are focusing on the questions. Rereading a paragraph twice is a waste of time and will end up costing you points.

Again, there’s key information hidden right in front of you! Take your highlighter and make sure to go over the blurbs at the very beginning of the passage. Sometimes it’s in italics (this is a dead giveaway), sometimes it’s a definition of a new word, or sometimes it’s hidden just before a graph or chart. When you look at it briefly, it just looks like some flavor text, but more often than not you will need it to answer one of the more difficult multiple choice questions of the passage.

### 4. Identify the Trend

Whenever you have to work on data presented as a table, look for a trend. The questions will ask you to figure out whether or not the numbers tend to go up or go down. This may seem simple, but it’s not going to be obvious when you are looking at it in practice. If you can’t identify the trend, sketch a quick line graph. It doesn’t have to be too precise, just eyeball it. See if the lines tend to go up or down, and make a note whenever the lines cross. For example, if the question is asking about the time it takes to boil two chemicals at different altitudes, pay attention to when boiling time increases with altitude, when boiling time goes down and altitude goes up, and when boiling times are the same.

### 5. 5 Ws

The more difficult passages tend to be the wordier ones and conflicting viewpoint passages with writings from two scientists. When reading, make sure to highlight what the scientist believes in, what they use to support that, what experiments they did, and what the results were. Also make note of what the scientists agree on and what they disagree on.

For some practice, I usually recommend the articles on ScienceDaily. Pick one article a day and go through it with your highlighter. Again, make a note of what the scientist believes in, why they believe that, what experiments they conducted, and what the results were. This is great practice for those like me who struggled with the wordier passages. There are articles on a lot of different topics, so make sure that you select some that interest you and some others that don’t. Your ACT test isn’t going to be filled with much entertainment so it’s best to be prepared for it.

Justin L. teaches ACT math, PSAT, SAT, and test prep in Merrick, NY.  He received his Bachelor of Science in Math and Masters of Arts in Math Education at Adelphi University. Justin has more than six years of experience working with students privately, in classrooms, as well as store-front tutoring companies. Learn more about Justin here!

Photo by TMAB2003